And of course, power macchia cannot obligate one, inasmuch as obligation assumes that one cannot meaningfully do otherwise

And of course, power macchia cannot obligate one, inasmuch as obligation assumes that one cannot meaningfully do otherwise

one can say this sopra general of men: they are ungrateful, disloyal, insincere and deceitful, timid of danger and avid of profit…. Love is per bond of obligation which these miserable creatures break whenever it suits them esatto do so; but fear holds them fast by verso dread of punishment that never passes. (Prince CW 62; translation revised)

As a result, Machiavelli cannot really be said to have per theory of obligation separate from the imposition of power; people obey only because they fear the consequences of not doing so, whether the loss of life or of privileges.

If I think that I should not obey verso particular law, what eventually leads me onesto submit to that law will be either a fear of the power of the state or the actual exercise of that power

Concomitantly, verso Machiavellian perspective directly attacks the notion of any grounding for authority independent of the sheer possession of power. For Machiavelli, people are compelled sicuro obey purely durante deference esatto the superior power of the state. It is power which mediante the final instance is necessary for the enforcement of conflicting views of what I ought esatto do; I can only choose not to obey if I possess the power to resist the demands of the state or if I am willing puro accept the consequences of the state’s superiority of coercive force. Machiavelli’s argument con The Prince is designed preciso demonstrate that politics can only coherently be defined con terms of the supremacy of coercive power; authority as per right puro command has no independent governo. funziona meet an inmate He substantiates this assertion by reference preciso the observable realities of political affairs and public life as well as by arguments revealing the self-interested nature of all human conduct. For Machiavelli it is meaningless and vano onesto speak of any claim preciso authority and the right to command which is detached from the possession of superior political power. The ruler who lives by his rights alone will surely wither and die by those same rights, because durante the rough-and-tumble of political conflict those who prefer power esatto authority are more likely sicuro succeed. Without exception the authority of states and their laws will never be acknowledged when they are not supported by per show of power which renders obedience inescapable. The methods for achieving obedience are varied, and depend heavily upon the foresight that the prince exercises. Hence, the successful ruler needs special allenamento.

3. Power, Lealta, and Fortune

Machiavelli presents sicuro his readers a vision of political rule allegedly purged of extraneous moralizing influences and fully aware of the foundations of politics mediante the effective exercise of power. The term that best captures Machiavelli’s vision of the requirements of power politics is pregio. While the Italian word would normally be translated into English as “virtue”, and would ordinarily convey the conventional connotation of moral goodness, Machiavelli obviously means something very different when he refers sicuro the castita of the prince. Sopra particular, Machiavelli employs the concept of castita preciso refer onesto the range of personal qualities that the prince will find it necessary to acquire in order esatto “maintain his state” and preciso “achieve great things”, the two norma markers of power for him. This makes it brutally clear there can be mai equivalence between the conventional virtues and Machiavellian pregio. Machiavelli’s sense of what it is onesto be a person of bonta can thus be summarized by his recommendation that the prince above all else must possess per “flexible disposition”. That ruler is best suited for office, on Machiavelli’s account, who is trapu of varying her/his conduct from good esatto evil and back again “as fortune and circumstances dictate” (Prince CW 66; see Nederman and Bogiaris 2018).

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